attention and recognition.
Raised by parents who fought “a war for freedom,” Boomers were instilled with a sense of mission. They would get a good education, achieve more than their parents had, and make the world a better place. They grew up in the years marked by the Cold War, the space race, the civil rights movement, the anti-Vietnam war movement, women’s liberation, the Pill, the sexual revolution and the beginnings of the environmental movement. They are the generation with a cause.
Boomers also experienced rapid technological change: TVs with several channels, transistor radios, hi-ﬁ and stereo, touch-tone phones, and movies in Technicolor, 3-D and Cinemascope. At work there were hand calculators, photocopiers and mainframe computers. They were the ﬁrst generation to be constantly exposed to mass advertising.
Boomers grew up in a society that was relatively afﬂuent and rich in opportunity. They were optimistic; believing that all problems could and should be solved, they created the self-help industry.
The term workaholic belongs to them. Work is a source of personal fulﬁlment and a measure of their self-worth. Putting in extra hours is a sign of success. Their friends tend to be colleagues from work. For many the decision to retire will be difﬁcult because they fear the accompanying isolation and loss of identity.
Boomers started teaching in the late 1960s, a time of great change in Ontario’s education system. County-wide school boards were created, and new schools built. Women won the right to statutory pregnancy leave and the right to wear pantsuits to school. Teachers walked off their jobs for a day in December 1973 to protest unfair bargaining legislation and eventually won the right to bargain collectively and to strike. Collective agreements became legally binding contracts that outlined rights, beneﬁts and working conditions.
Boomers, with their sense of mission and commitment to a cause, believe their efforts to improve teachers’ working lives made the world a better place. They are very sensitive to scepticism about or criticism of these achievements.
Gen Xers are pragmatic, adaptable, techno-literate and good at multitasking. They grew up dealing with change. The children of early Boomers, they have always been in the Boomers’ shadow. Many were raised in single-parent families, or with both parents working, and are often described as the generation that raised itself. The term “latchkey kids” was coined for them.
Gen Xers are very comfortable with changing technology, having grown up with personal computers, video games, remote controls and TV with 200 channels. Deﬁning events in their lives included the end of the Cold War, the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, free trade agreements, AIDS, economic uncertainty, increased drugs