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Teacher standing with Ghana students
Photo Courtesy of Natalia Kostiw
Feature

Empowering Girls Through Education: The Story of One Small School in Ghana

Natalia Kostiw

In 2010, I had the privilege of teaching at the Dekpor Basic School in Dekpor, Ghana. Dekpor is a village in southeast Ghana that is so tiny most maps of the country don’t even include it. It is one of the poorest villages in the country and nearly everyone, including children, tend to rice and cassava crops to survive.

During my summer break, I went with a group of volunteer teachers to work with the Dekpor School Development Organization (DSDO), a not-for-profit that was founded by two Ontario teachers, Linda Chow Kordze (now retired, from Toronto) and Carol Sheardown (from York Region). I was so moved by my volunteer teaching experience that, seven years later, I continue to recruit teachers through the ETT weekly bulletin. I am passionate about empowering girls through education and hope that others will realize the positive impact teachers can have on developing communities.

Dekpor Basic School has its origin in one of the founder’s love of music. As a music teacher, Linda first visited Ghana (now over 10 years ago) to take Ghanian drumming lessons. When she discovered how poor Dekpor was and the many needs of the community, she was determined to do something about it. Linda sold her house in Toronto and took early retirement from teaching. She decided to live in Dekpor permanently and dedicate her life to creating a healthy and safe community where all children would have opportunities for education, with a special focus on educating and empowering girls and women. In fewer than 10 years, her work in collaboration with the community has made an enormous contribution. Dekpor now has electricity, clean water from reservoirs, a breakfast/lunch program at school and classrooms. Having met these basic needs, DSDO has now shifted its focus to empowering youth, in particular girls and women, through education.

Linda Chow Kordze, the DSDO director, is a permanent resident of Dekpor. Canadian teachers who come to volunteer live in the village with the local residents. Upon arrival, the Canadian teachers meet their Ghanian counterparts. Together the Canadian and Ghanian teachers model lessons, share resources and collaborate on lesson plans. Last year’s group of volunteer teachers worked on a host of projects, from learning math by manipulating blocks to using the whole language experience approach to teach reading readiness, to creating, performing and videotaping a play. Most evenings the teachers meet over dinner to discuss the day’s events and prepare for the following school day. They plan events such as parent-teacher nights where they can talk to parents about improving literacy and numeracy skills at home. The first parent-teacher evening was a huge success and a wonderful way to bring the community, school and teachers together.

Living in and becoming part of the village brings Canadian teachers and the community closer. As the teachers begin to understand the community needs they are able to align their teaching skills with community priorities. For example, volunteers Alan and Tom spent much of their time teaching children and adults how to repair their bikes. What a wonderful way to integrate the community’s everyday needs with a science lesson.

A Focus on Girls

According to UNESCO, we live in a world in which two-thirds of girls and women have no access to education. Sixty-five million girls never even start school and an estimated 100 million do not complete elementary school, often because its quality is poor and their opportunities are far from equal to those of boys. More than 542 million women globally have not learned to read or write. According to UNESCO, lack of literacy is usually connected with poverty and discrimination. UNICEF estimates that, across Africa, 54 percent of girls don’t complete primary school and only 17 percent go to secondary school.

According to the United Nations Girls’ Education Initiative, Ghana has made good progress towards increasing access to education and narrowing gender gaps, but the main barrier to education is still poverty. The country’s National Education Strategic Plan 2003-2015 put an emphasis on increasing girls’ access to quality basic education and to achieving gender parity by providing girls with material and financial support, including textbooks, scholarships, food rations and bicycles.

Organizations such as DSDO enhance and support these government initiatives by working with communities directly and helping alleviate poverty, providing access to education and creating training programs that lead to self-sufficiency.

Empowering Students Through Education

As of September 2016, six new classrooms made of cement with whiteboards in each room have been completed in Dekpor. The school has over 700 students who are receiving education along with vocational training intended to make the people in the community more self-sufficient.

More girls from the community are consistently attending school and the school supports their subsistence farming at home by collecting and donating tools to the community. There are literacy classes for adults and parental involvement in the school is encouraged. The library has been extended and girls in senior high school are feeling safer attending school now that they have bikes. With no lights along the road and classes often ending late, the girls can get home before dark now on their bicycles.

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